Criminal harassment in Northern Ireland carries the following maximum sentences: In addition to the criminal sanction, a civil court (county court or high court) can also impose civil injunctions in harassment cases as well as awarding damages to the victim for the harassment.
The PHA makes a breach of such an injunction a criminal offence, which is: This is unusual, as the normal sanction for breach of the terms of an injunction is contempt of court proceedings in the civil court that ordered the original injunction.
There are a number of things that you can do to limit these types of calls, ranging from contacting your telephone service provider to changing your number.
There is also legislation specifically aimed at nuisance calls which we'll discuss below.
This carries a £1,000 fine or a penalty notice of £80.
If the offence is committed with intent to cause harassment, alarm or distress, the offender can be given 6 months' imprisonment or a fine. S1 (1) of the Protection from Harassment Act 1997 and Article 3(1) of the Protection from Harassment (Northern Ireland) Order 1997 state: A person must not pursue a course of conduct: Harassment is defined as causing alarm or causing distress, and a course of conduct which can include speech must involve conduct on at least 2 occasions.
But her neighbor didn’t seem to understand that and sent an anonymous letter.
Dear Owner/Tenant I am one of your neighbours and wish to remain anonymous to avoid any conflict.
Conditions of the orders may include a ban from the area where the victims live or a specific ban on approaching or communicating with the victims.
Because these court orders are made in civil proceedings, hearsay evidence can be used to protect victims who are too scared to come to court.
For more information on ASBOs and anti-social behaviour in general, see our sections.
One of the most common forms of harassment is malicious or nuisance telephone calls. Abusive, annoying, harassing, obscene or threatening telephone calls are an invasion of your privacy.
Anti-social behaviour orders and injunctions and Community Protection Notices are available to protect people from behaviour causing harassment, alarm or distress.