Linguists normally mark reconstructions by placing an asterisk in front of them. For instance, the Indo-European word REFRAIN: A line or set of lines at the end of a stanza or section of a longer poem or song--these lines repeat at regular intervals in other stanzas or sections of the same work.
Sometimes the repetition involves minor changes in wording.
RELIC: The physical remains of a saint or biblical figure, or an object closely associated with a saint, biblical figure, or a miracle.
Often regional literature is set within a particular area, and the writer or poet tries to capture the customs, dialect, behavior, and historical background of that region. Eudora Welty and William Faulkner are often held up as examples of Southern regional writers generally.
More specifically, Appalachian poets include Ron Rash, Danny Marion, Lynn Powell, and Rita Sims Quillen.
One personal aside--for any computer users reading this who are working with speech recognition software, my wife has found that artificially imitating an "RP" accent almost doubles her computer's consistency in speech recognition for voice commands--at least when working with Macintosh software! German scholar Hans-Robert Jauss in the late 1960s was the primary advocate.
The central concern in this theory is called a "horizon of expectation," i.e., that a reader's experience of textual meaning will dramatically alter depending on the time and place of the RECONSTRUCTION: A hypothetical earlier form of a word that probably existed, but for which no direct evidence is available.
Since the spirits still existed, however, they could theoretically interact with the physical world.
It was thought that the spirits of these saints continued to be connected to their physical remains.
It is an attempt to reflect life "as it actually is"--a concept in some ways similar to what the Greeks would call mimesis. .] suggests jackets off, sleeves rolled up, 'no nonsense'" attitudes toward literary art (773).(2) Secondly and more specifically, realism refers to a literary movement in America, Europe, and England that developed out of naturalism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Typically, "realism" involves careful description of everyday life, "warts and all," often the lives of middle and lower class characters in the case of socialist realism. Although realism and the concern for aspects of verisimilitude have been components of literary art to one degree or another in nearly all centuries, the term realism also applies more specifically to the tendency to create detailed, probing analyses of the way "things really are," usually involving an emphasis on nearly photographic details, the author's inclusion of in-depth psychological traits for his or her characters, and an attempt to create a literary facsimile of human existence unclouded by convention, cliché, formulaic traits of , sentiment, or the earlier extremes of naturalism.
RADICAL INNOCENCE: The Romantics valued innocence as something pure, wholesome, fulfilling, natural, and individualistic.